Phil HallLet’s Call it Core Mission Support

By: Phil Hall In: Donor Engagement| Grantmaking| Philanthropy

2 Jul 2013

Nonprofit leaders are accustomed to justifying their need for operating support in appeals to potential donors. In a “proposal letter” written in June 1788, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart makes his case to benefactor Johann Michael VonPuchberg:

 “If you will do me this kindness, I shall primo (being thus provided) be able to make necessary payments when they are due and therefore more easily, whereas I now continually delay and must then often pay out at once all I have received, and that at the most inconvenient moment. Secondo, I shall be able to work with an easier mind and a lighter heart, and thus earn more.” 

While Mozart may not be a model of good nonprofit management, his second point still resonates: Funders do tend to favor financially secure organizations whose leaders are able to lead with “easy minds” and “light hearts.” 

However, requests for unrestricted support have long made foundations uneasy. In the first place, private foundation resources are no match for the nonprofit sector’s operating needs, which are vast and growing. Secondly, by giving up control over exactly how a grant is spent, the connection between the investment and its results can be obscured. How should today’s funders think about the potential impact of grants for operations?

Unrestricted funding for operations

At GMA Foundations’ quarterly NPO Conversation, we explored this topic with the leaders of nonprofit organizations that draw on foundation support for programs, but have learned to build a solid base of unrestricted funding from non-foundation sources. Our guests included a theater company, a national service organization, a youth mentoring agency, a youth arts organization, and an independent school serving disadvantaged inner-city children.

They shared their perspectives on three questions. (1) Has it become easier to secure general operating grants? (2) How do you fund general operations? (3) What advice would you give to donors? Here is a summary of what we heard.

Is it easier?

No! The dearth of funders that provide unrestricted support continues to challenge nonprofit leaders to be more creative in generating income for operations.

Other sources of support? 

These savvy leaders rely on special events, subscription sales, large-scale government contracts, earned revenues (including a portion earned by youth participants), and individual contributions.

One organization runs six events each year to raise over $1.5 million, while engaging with different constituents at different price points and to different degrees. For example, the event organizing committees have become a training ground for future board members. And the organization’s event management expertise keeps its production costs well below the national average, spending only 25 cents to raise each dollar.

Advice for foundations? 

  • Build relationships with grantees and trust their leaders. Take a page from the individual donor book — love the core mission, gather information, see the organization in action, then fund it.
  • Identify your funding goals and be clear about what outcomes you expect. This advice was tempered by the observation that attribution is a tricky business. Spend some time working with individual grantees to right-size your benchmarks.
  • Consider a balanced approach. Don’t let the operating vs. project debate be an either/or proposition. A portfolio of grants could be diversified and strengthened by a combination of the two.

As the conversation continued, GMA staff shared examples of grantmakers who regard operating grants as part of their effort to (a) fund good organizational leadership over the long-term and (b) support the strategic goals of strong organizations with proven records of success.

While no two funders are alike, our clients have demonstrated real willingness to provide unrestricted funding, with trustees blending operating and program support for outcomes-oriented grants programs. In fact, unrestricted grant dollars constituted 22 percent of all the grants made by GMA clients in 2012.

It may be time to retire the project vs. operating debate. Most funders recognize that nonprofits need fuel to operate, organizational strength to innovate, and flexibility to manage to their core mission. Some have even gone so far as to change the vocabulary, replacing the term operating with core mission support.

Phil Hall is director of grantmaking services at GMA Foundations. Contact him at or 617-391-3097.

1 Response to Let’s Call it Core Mission Support

Laura Henze Russell

November 4th, 2013 at 9:14 pm

I like the term core mission support! This brings me back to the working paper I wrote at GMA back in 1992, “The Case for Operating Support.” Kudos on updating the name, re-framing the concept, and updating the context, while grounding the strong case in the compelling music Mozart!

Comment Form

Welcome to RE: Philanthropy! In this blog, guest and Council bloggers share ideas and insights on the most pressing issues in philanthropy. If you want to contribute, please contact

The opinions expressed in this blog are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Council on Foundations.


Roger Doughty
Nick Deychakiwsky
Diana Campoamor
Dan Hymowitz and Heather Lord
Lijun He
Kisha Green Dimbo
Mary Vallier-Kaplan
Robert S. Collier
Omar Brownson
Sarah Gilbert
Amy Philips Haller
John Porter
Holly Welch Stubbing
Rob Buchanan
Anne Vally
Darren Sandow
Susan McPherson
Timothy P. Silard
Jennifer Leonard
Diana Esposito
Caitlin Walker
Carmen Fields
Dr. Nelson I. Colon Tarrats
Teri Behrens
Novelette Peterkin
Anthony Tansimore
Chet Tchozewski
Judy Patrick
Michael L. Batchelor
Mike Sweeney
Sarita Venkat
Chatrane Birbal
Richard Sussman
Emily Jones Rushing
Ali Webb
Kevin Salwen
Lyle Matthew Kan
Steve Gunderson
Roslyn Tam
Nina Smart
Laurel Lee-Alexander
Jeff Yost
Mukul Verma
Linda Wood
Sophia Guevara
Mindie Reule
Evelyn Gibson
Laura Tomasko
Terry Kaelber